Psychological models of addiction focus primarily on the individual but last week we expanded our view to also take into account the family as a social system. Sociocultural models of addiction several influential sociocultural models are described in this entry moral model psychological models of addiction. Sociocultural and psychological models of addiction running head: models of addiction 1 the three models of addiction barbara perry liberty university models of addiction 2 the addicted person can be a composite of patterns of behavior, predisposition, and social environment.
Models of addiction subs 505 models of addiction the three models of addiction examined in this week's readings include the medical model, the psychosocial model, and the disease of the human spirit model. Models of drug use task - writing exercise summary distance learners models of drug use throughout history people have tried to understand the concept of drug use and why some people become dependent or addicted to certain drugs and why some don't.
This model postulates that, like medical illnesses, alcoholism--more specifically alcohol dependence, or addiction—can be diagnosed, its course observed, and its physical causes understood further, scientific trials can be undertaken to identify the best treatments for those who suffer from it. The disease model holds that addiction is an illness, and comes about as a result of the impairment of healthy neurochemical or behavioral processes while there is some dispute among clinicians as to the reliability of this model, it is widely employed in therapeutic settings. Over the past 25 years, progress has been made in understanding risk factors associated with drug use, including biological, psychosocial, and contextual (social and environmental) risk factors.
These psychological models can best be understood by grouping them according to their major theoretical paradigms as follows: psychoanalytic models, psychopathology models, personality models, behavioral models, and the opponent process model. According to the sociocultural model, addiction is related to cultural, religious, family, and peer variables what would be true concerning the sociocultural model of addiction. What may curtail the social and psychological analysis of addiction most is the inappropriate meekness and limited scientific aspirations of those best suited to extend the boundaries of addiction theory in this direction.
The etiology of addiction: a comparison of theoretical models theorists from across the spectrum of the clinical helping professions have developed numerous psychological, socio-cultural, and biological explanations of the causation associated with substance abuse and dependence. Since addiction is a harmful, maladaptive behavior, psychological models are very useful for understanding why people engage in this unhealthy behavior psychologists propose several possible causes of addiction. Thus, most clinicians understood that the socio-cultural (social) part of this model included spirituality nonetheless, spirituality is an important concept for many people this is particularly true for people struggling to recover from severe or fatal disorders such as addiction. Three general contemporary models of family influences can be identified: a family disease model, a family systems model, and a behavioral family approach (mccrady & epstein, 1996 mccrady, kahler, & epstein, 1998. According to the sociocultural model, the cultural standards of a society and the negative effects of culture and society on individual behavior, cause addiction many cultural standards are quite subtle but the effect is powerful nonetheless.
Theories that shape our views influences on addiction socio-cultural model this theory focuses on environmental factors and social forces which aid in the development of addiction everything from family values to cultural differences can be driving forces that ultimately lead to addiction. Models of addiction delivers the message that understanding the biological basis of addiction, along with the broader social and psychological aspects of addictive behaviour, can lead to successful prevention and treatment responses. The biopsychosocial model further accounts for the bidirectional influences of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of pain with, for example, psychological factors influencing biology by changing the production of hormones (eg, cortisol), and brain structures and processes (turk & monarch, 2002.
The sociocultural theory of abnormal psychology says that family and society are key causes of psychological disorders take kelly, for example take kelly, for example. Socio-cultural model of addiction: this model highlights culture and relationships with family and peers it asserts, both in its interpretation and associated therapy, that the environment in which the addiction took place is the primary driver of addiction. Sociocultural theory is an emerging theory in psychology that looks at the important contributions that society makes to individual development this theory stresses the interaction between developing people and the culture in which they live.
Family systems theory is closely related to psychosocial theories of addiction, a model that looks at the impact of psychological and social factors on a person's addiction. According to the sociocultural model, the cultural standards of a society and the negative effects of culture and society on individual behavior, cause addiction. Addiction is a secondary problem psychological problems are primary an 'addictive' personality exists social learning models can be helpful in explaining addiction. The main drawback of sociological and socio- psychological research of the reasons of drug addiction is the shortage of attention to the fact that the reasons can be different at each stage of getting accustomed to drugs and first taking of soft drug, hard drug and further systematic drug taking should be studied separately.